Preparing for Academic Writing and Speaking


  1. Identify the topic.
  2. If the topic has a restriction or expansion, identify it.
  3. Search for the aspect.
  4. Identify the instruction.
  5. Check whether there is a viewpoint.


  1. Account for the large-scaleimmigration into Malayain the late 19th Century.
  2. Analysethe changes inUS policy towards Chinaduring the 1970s.
  3. Assessthe contribution of Asoka to the spread ofBuddhism in India.
  4. Explain the concept of 'role'. Of what use is the concept to a practising manager?
  5. Compare and contrastcellulose and lignindecomposition in soil.
  6. List the criteria you would apply to the presentation of government expenditure policy.
  7. Critically discusseconomies and diseconomies of scale.
  8. What deductionscan be made after studying the cell exhibited at C?
  9. Evaluatethe contribution of political parties tothe development ofpublic policy in the United States and Canada.
  10. To what extent does the British public participate in the political process?
  11. What factorsdetermine the elasticity ofdemand curves?
  12. Describe the histology and functional importance of striated muscle.
  13. Illustrate your answer by typical temperature profiles.
  14. Discuss the implications of the Milgram and Zimbardo experimentsfor understanding people's behaviour in situations involving authority.
  15. Discussthe use ofbehaviour therapyin clinical psychology andcomment on itslimitations.
  16. Illustrate the diversity of anaerobic bacteria by reference to either practical importance or mechanism of energy generation.
  17. Outlinethe requirements as to 'locus standi' in relation to injunctives and declaratives.
  18. Discussthe role ofinternational capital movementsin a world payments system.
  19. DefineAdministrative Lawindicating itsgeneral scope and function.
  20. Considerthe significance of the year1848for the Hapsburg Empire.
  21. Summarise the main requirements of the lawin respect of the employer-employee relationship.
  22. 'They are often at a disadvantage in dealing with industry at a technical level.' How valid is this criticism of British Civil Servants?
  23. To what extent is an understanding of thevarious approaches toindustrial relationsuseful in allowing us to make better sense of the changing nature of the employment relationship?
  24. Discuss the extent to whichHuman Resource Management and its associated individualismhas led to a demise in collectivism and the role of trade unions.
  25. Discuss therespective influences ofstates and marketsin the contemporary world economy characterised by globalisation.
  26. Analysethe process of transition from a commandeconomyto a market economy, drawing upon the many recent examples.

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