Speaking in Academic Contexts

Rhetorical Functions in Academic Speaking: Including charts and diagrams

It is often useful when you are speaking to include reference to tables and charts.

Example

Look at the following example:

Phone sales

If you look at Figure 1, you can see the sales of mobile phones per month. You can see that it covers the years 1998 to 2001. It shows that the sales of mobile phones declined steadily in 1998, then remained steady from May until the end of the year. As the graph shows, the sales then rose, more and more steeply, throughout 1999, and there was a large increase at the end of the year. Sales reached a peak of 6,200 in February 2000. There was then a sharp fall, as you can see, but sales levelled off at about 5,300 per month in April. They then fluctuated slightly through the year, and are now increasing again.

Language

Referring to a diagram, chart etc.

As you can see

from
in

the

chart,
diagram,
table,
graph,
figures,
statistics,

...

We can see

that ...

 

As you can see

from
in

Table 1,
Figure 2,
Graph 3,

.

We can see

 

As

the

chart
diagram
table
graph

shows,
indicates,

.

figures
statistics

show,
indicate,

 

From

Table 1
Figure 2

we

can

may

see
conclude
show
estimate
calculate
infer

that ...

the

figures
chart
diagram

 

Describing change

X

increased
shot up
grew
rose

by

...

declined
reduced
decreased
dropped
fell

 

X

increased
shot up
grew
rose

slightly
slowly
gradually
steadily
markedly
dramatically
steeply
sharply
rapidly
suddenly

declined
reduced
decreased
dropped
fell

 

X

reached a peak.
levelled off

refs