Speaking in Academic Contexts.
Here are some useful things to check before you give your presentation:
- Audience - be aware of your audience.
- Objectives - have clear objectives (to inform, persuade, welcome etc.)
- Planning - have a clear structure and a sense of timing
- Organisation - have clear connections between the different parts or ideas
- Information - make sure what you say is interesting and relevant to your audience
- Impact - make sure you have a strong introduction and conclusion
- Clear, simple and fluent
- Correct speed
- Use of natural spoken language
- Use of pauses for emphasis
- Use of strong clear gestures for emphasis
- Good eye contact with the audience
- Positive, confident, and relaxed manner
- No distracting gestures
- Clear and simple messages
- Efficient, professional use of equipment
- Introduce yourself - your name and position
- Give the title/subject of your presentation
- Explain the purpose of your presentation
- Say how long you will take
- Summarise the main parts or points you will cover
- Mention any visual aids you will use
- Tell the audience when they may ask questions
3. Main Part
- Relevant content
- Clear organisation
- Appropriate argument
- Linking/Sequencing of ideas
- Eye contact
- Language - less complex
- Sentence length - shorter
- Use of pauses
- Do not just repeat what you say.
- Not too much information.
- Use visuals to support what you say.
- Use only key words, not lines of text.
- Use the right kind of visual for your topic.
- Use colour (but not too much).
- Do not use too many visuals.
- Do not read from the visual.
- Make sure the visuals are clear.
- Use a pointer/masking if it is appropriate.
- Look at the audience as much as possible.
- Do not stand in front of the visual - can the audience see?
- Clear signal to end
- Clear summary
- Invitation for questions