Grammar in EAP

Verbs and Verbal Groups

Introduction

Verbal Group

A verbal group is typically a group with a verb as its Head. That verb is likely to be modified either before the verb (pre-modification) with auxiliary verbs or after the verb (post-modification or qualification) or both. An example is "has been eaten".

Verbal Groups can be finite or non-finite. Possible finite verbal groups are - not all are common in EAP:

 

Negative

±

Past

±

Modal

±

Phase

±

Aspect

±

Voice

±

Lexical VERB

+

Verbal Group

 

+(do) not

+ed

+ M

have +en

be +ing

be +en

VERB

 

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take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

take

do not take

took

did not take

will take

will not take

would take

would not take

have taken

have not taken

had taken

had not taken

will have taken

will not have taken

would have taken

would not have taken

is taking

is not taking

was taking

was not taking

will be taking

will not be taking

would be taking

would not be taking

have been taking

have not been taking

had been taking

had not been taking

will have been taking

will not have been taking

would have been taking

would not have been taking

is taken

is not taken

was taken

was not taken

will be taken

will not be taken

would be taken

would not be taken

have been taken

have not been taken

had been taken

had not been taken

will have been taken

will not have been taken

would have been taken

would not have been taken

is being taken

is not being taken

was being taken

was not being taken

will be being taken

will not be being taken

would be being taken

would not be being taken

have been being taken

have not been being taken

had been being taken

had not been being taken

will have been being taken

will not have been being taken

would have been being taken

would not have been being taken

± = you have a completely free choice whether or not to choose this
Modal = will, may, can, shall
Modal+ed = would, might, could, should
+en = + past participle (third form)
+ing = + present participle (-ing form)

be = be, is, are
be+ed = was, were
be+en = been
be+ing = being
have = have, has
have+ed = had
have+en = had

Exercise

Try this exercise: Verbal Group Exercise

And these exercises: Identifing Verbal Groups: Exercise & Correcting Verbal Group

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