Doing the research : Selecting sources

Exercise 4

Read the title and the abstract from an article in the journal: Computers and Composition, 15, 409-424. Try to decide what kind of sources would be useful for such an article.

Look at the references list after the article. Which ones do you think were included with the original article.

Web literacy: Challenges and opportunities for research in a new medium

Madeleine Sorapure, Pamela Inglesby and George Yatchisin (University of California - Santa Barbara)


Student researchers are turning in increasing numbers to the World Wide Web as a resource, though not necessarily with an understanding of how to assess the reliability or value of the information they find there. At all stages of the research process, but especially at the assessment stage, the Web poses challenges that writing teachers should address explicitly in guiding students to become skillful and discerning readers of Web sites. The Web literacy student need involves an ability to manage the diverse and largely unfiltered content of the Web and an attentiveness to the information conveyed in a site's nontextual features, most notably its images, links, and inter-activity. Teaching students this literacy means supplementing the evaluative criteria traditionally applied to print sources with new strategies for making sense of diverse kinds of texts presented in hypertextual and multimedia format. Assessing the value of information offered at Web sites can enhance students' research and writing skills and is also an important step in educating students to be critical users of the Web and the Internet.

Look at the references list. Which ones do you think were included with the original article.


Abo Mosallem, E. (1984). English for police officers in Egypt. English for Specific Purposes, 3, 171-182.

Alderson, J. C. & Hughes, A. (Eds.). (1981). Issues in language testing (ELT Documents 111). London: The British Council.

Alexander, J. & Tate, M. (1996, October). The web as a research tool: Evaluation techniques. [Online]. Available: (<>) [1998, March 9].

Chew, L. (1996). Managing derivative risks: The use and abuse of leverage. New York: John Wiley & Sons

Ewer, J. R. and Latorre, G. (1965). Preparing an English course for students of science. English Language Teaching, 21, 221-229.

Ferris, P. (1997). Writing in Cyberspace. CMC Magazine [Online]. Available; (<>) [1998, March 9].

Flowerdew, J. & Miller, L. (1996). Lectures in a second language: Notes towards a cultural grammar. English for Specific Purposes, 15, 121-140.

Hairston, M., Ruszkiewicz, J. J. & Seward, D. E. (1997). CoreText: A handbook for writers. New York: Longman.

Horton, W. K. (1990). Designing and writing online documentation. New York: John Wiley & Sons..

Landow, G. P. (1991). Hypermedia and literary studies. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Miller, C. (1984). Genre as social action. Quarterly Journal of Speech, 70, 151-167.

Miller, J. P. & Seller, W. (1985). Curriculum, perspectives and practice. New York: Longman

Miller, S. & Knowles, K. (1997). New ways of writing: A handbook for writing with computers. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Nattinger, J. R. & DeCarrico, J. S. (1992). Lexical phrases and language teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Olsen, L. A. & Huckin, T. N. (1990). Point-driven understanding in engineering lecture comprehension. English for Specific Purposes, 9, 33-47.

Ormondroyd, J., Engle, M and Cosgrave, T. (1996, October). How to critically analyze information sources. [Online]. Available; (< research/skill26.htm>) [1998, March 9].

Rodrigues, D. (1997). The research paper and the World Wide Web. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Selfe, C. L., & Selfe, R. J. Jr. (1994). The politics of interface: Power and its exercise in electronic contact zones. College Composition and Communication, 45, 480-504.

Sommers, Nancy I. & Simon, Linda, (1993). The HarperCollins guide to writing. New York: HarperCollins College Publishers.

Weidenborner, S. & Caruso, D. (1996). Writing research papers: A guide to the process. (4th ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press.

Woodward, J. A. (1997). Writing research papers: Investigating resources in Cyberspace. Lincolnwood, IL: NTC Publishing Group.

Yorkey, R. (1970). A study skills course for foreign college students. TESOL Quarterly, 4, 143-154.

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